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The material selection platform
Cosmetics Ingredients
The material selection platform
Cosmetics Ingredients

POLOXAMER 184

CAS Number 9003-11-6
Chem/IUPAC Name: Oxirane, methyl-, polymer with oxirane (13;30)
COSING REF No: 80133
POLOXAMER 184
Poloxamer 184 is used in the cosmetic industry primarily as a cleansing agent. It is also a great emulsifier that aids in the mixing of the ingredients properly and binds them together. Poloxamer 184 is a synthetic polymer that is used in a range of products such as shampoos, mouthwashes and eye makeup removers. Some other names of Poloxamer 184 are Kolliphor, Synperonic and Pluronic. Additionally, the chemical formula of Poloxamer 184 is C5H10O2.

What is POLOXAMER 184 used for?

Poloxamer 184 serves important functions in the formulations of cosmetic, skin and hair care products.
  • Skin care: It is a great surfactant/cleanser that is mild on the skin and does not have any harsh effects. It also aids other ingredients in mixing well together and thus keeps the formulations from falling apart. It reduces the tension of the cosmetic products and helps them to spread evenly. It is also gentle on the skin and does not weigh it down.
  • Hair care: It helps water and oil to mix and thus acts as a great cleanser for the hair. It aids the mixing of dirt and oil with water so that they can be washed away easily, leaving the hair clean.

Origin

Poloxamer 184 is a synthetic polymer and a nonionic surfactant that is made up of a hydrophobic chain of polyoxypropylene. This polyoxypropylene has two hydrophilic chains of polyoxyehtylene on each side.

What does POLOXAMER 184 do in a formulation?

  • Cleansing
  • Emulsifying
  • Oral care
  • Surfactant

Safety profile

Poloxamer 184 is safe for hair and skin as it is gentle and light without having any harmful side effects. However, a patch test is recommended for people with highly sensitive skin. Moreover, precautions should be taken to not ingest products with Poloxamer 184 accidentally, otherwise, it may be toxic. Poloxamer 184 is largely non-comedogenic however it may cause acne on certain skin types.

Technical profile

Property Values
pH 5.0 - 7.5
Solubility Soluble in water
Viscosity 470 - 770 cP
6

Commercial Selection : Grades containing solely POLOXAMER 184

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