The material selection platform
Cosmetics Ingredients
The material selection platform
Cosmetics Ingredients


CAS Number 7647-14-5
Chem/IUPAC Name: Sodium chloride, table salt
EINECS/ELINCS No: 231-598-3
COSING REF No: 37813
Sodium chloride is an ionic compound that works as a multifunctional ingredient in cosmetics and personal care products. It acts as a binder, mild abrasive, thickener, and preservative in cosmetics. It is found in numerous personal care products like toothpaste, shampoos, makeup, skin and bath products, etc.

What is SODIUM CHLORIDE used for?

Sodium chloride has multiple functionalities in variety of cosmetics and personal care products such as:
  • As binder: It absorbs water, swells, and holds together the other ingredients in a formulation
  • Oral cleanser: It cleanses the teeth and mouth and reduces oral odor. That’s why it is found in toothpaste and mouthwash
  • As exfoliant: It works as a mild abrasive in the face and body scrubs owing to its small crystals
  • As thickener: It works as a thickener and provides the required consistency for cosmetic formulations


Sodium chloride occurs naturally in seawater and as the mineral halite. It is commercially manufactured by injecting water into the mineral halite, extracting the brine, and further evaporating and processing it to obtain granulated salt. Other methods involve evaporating seawater via the sun and wind.

What does SODIUM CHLORIDE do in a formulation?

  • Abrasive
  • Binding
  • Oral care
  • Viscosity controlling

Safety profile

Sodium chloride is recommended to be generally recognized as safe.


Technical profile

Property Values
Boiling Point 1465°C
Melting Point 800.7°C
Solubility Soluble in water
Viscosity 1.93 mPa.s (saturated aqueous solution)
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